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What is Identity Management?
Identity management is the process of managing information about individuals, groups, organizations, and things. It involves collecting, storing, analyzing, sharing, and protecting data about people, places, and things. Identity management systems (or IDMS) provide tools for identity management and help organizations manage their identities across different applications and platforms.
What is Access Management?
Access management is the practice of controlling who has access to what information. It includes policies, procedures, and technology that control how users gain access to information and services. Access management helps ensure that only authorized users have access to information and services, and that they use those services appropriately.
Typical OIM interview questions
- What does identity management mean?
Identity management (IDM) refers to the processes involved in managing the identities of individuals, groups, organizations, and devices. IDM includes authentication, authorization, privacy, confidentiality, and non-repudiation. Authentication means verifying who someone is. Authorization means deciding whether someone has permission to do something. Privacy means keeping information private. Confidentiality means keeping information secret. Non-repudiation means being unable to deny having done something.
- How would you describe the relationship between identity management and access control?
Access control is about controlling what people can do based on their role or level of authority. Identity management is about controlling who people are. Access control is about controlling what they can do.
- Which of these statements regarding identity management best describes the relationship between identity management systems and access control systems?
The two are separate. An identity management system controls who people are. A security access control system controls what people can do.
- Which of these statements about identity management best describes how identity management works?
Identity management is about verifying who someone is. Security access control is about determining what people can do. Identity management is about determining who people are.
- What are some examples of identity management solutions?
Examples of identity management solutions include single sign-on, password managers, and biometrics. Single sign-on is when a user logs in once and then uses his/her credentials to access any application he/she wants. Password managers store usernames and passwords. Biometrics are unique identifiers that are measured to confirm a person’s identity.
- What are some examples for access control solutions?
Examples of access control solutions include physical locks, electronic locks, and biometric scanners. Physical locks prevent unauthorized users from accessing a facility. Electronic locks allow authorized users to enter a secure area without using a physical lock. Biometric scanners use a person’s fingerprint, retina, iris, or face to identify them.
- What are some examples that illustrate the difference between identity management and access management?
An example of identity management is the way we log into our email account. We have one username and password, but we don’t need to know anything else about ourselves. An example of access management is when we want to get into a building. We may need to provide a name, address, phone number, or driver’s license. We don’t care if the person behind the desk knows who we are, just that we’re allowed to get inside.
- What does Oracle Identity and Access Management (OIDM) do?
The OIDM product provides identity and access management solutions that help organizations protect their data assets, simplify the provisioning of user identities, and control who has access to what information.
- How do you use OIDM to manage users’ credentials?
You can configure OIDM to store user credentials in Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), LDAP, or any other directory service provider. You can then use those credentials to authenticate users and grant them access to applications and services.
- How do you use the OIDM tools to manage users’ passwords?
You can use the Password Policy Manager tool to enforce password complexity requirements, set expiration dates, and block invalid characters. You can also use the Password Vault tool to generate strong random passwords and save them securely.
- How do you use Oracle Identity and Access Management to control access to sensitive information?
You can use OIDM to create role-based security policies that restrict access to specific types of information based on the roles assigned to users. For example, you might limit access to certain documents to only administrators.
- How do you use Identity Federation to connect different systems together?
Federation enables you to integrate two or more systems using a single authentication mechanism. For instance, if you have an application that uses AD DS to authenticate users, you can enable it to use OIDM to provide additional authentication options.
- How do you use Role Based Access Control (RBAC)?
Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) lets you define permissions at a fine level of granularity. For example, you could give a user permission to view a document, but not edit it. Or you could allow users to perform certain tasks without requiring them to log in first.
- How do you use Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) to connect different systems together using federation?
Security Assertion Markup language (SAML) is a standard XML format that defines how two parties communicate about mutual trust. SAML is commonly used to federate between two separate identity providers.
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